In any garment and textile factory, determining the production capacity is of utmost importance for both company owners and buyers. This article provides a detailed guide on how to calculate production capacity accurately in the context of garments. (Note: Another article will cover product
ion capacity in relation to textiles.)
Production Capacity Calculation Method:
To calculate production capacity in a factory, two key factors are considered: the total number of machines and the daily production quantity. While the number of machines typically remains constant, the daily production may vary based on the style and product category.
For a more accurate estimation, it is recommended to calculate production capacity based on the factory’s total available time and the Standard Allowed Minute (SAM) of a specific style.
Required Information for Calculating Production Capacity:
To calculate the production capacity of a factory, the following information is necessary:
- Factory’s Total Capacity in Hours:
- Determine the total number of machines in the factory.
- Establish the daily working hours.
Assuming: Total number of machines in the factory: 1200 Factory operates for: 10 hours per day
Calculation: Factory’s Total Capacity in Hours = 1200 * 10 hours = 12000 hours
- SAM of the Product:
- SAM refers to Standard Allowed Minute, which varies for each product.
- Consider the average SAM from the past few months.
Assuming: Average SAM for the past three months: 22.65
- Average Line Efficiency:
- Determine the average efficiency from the past few months.
Assuming: Average efficiency for the past three months: 48%
Formula to Determine Factory’s Total Production Capacity in Pieces:
Factory’s Total Capacity in pieces = [(Factory’s Total Capacity in Hours * 60) / SAM of Product] * Average Line Efficiency
Based on the provided information: Factory’s Total Capacity in pieces = [(12000 * 60) / 22.65] * 48% = 15258 pieces (approximately)
Question: A garment factory has a total of 15 production lines, with each line consisting of 48 machines. The factory operates for 10 hours per day, and each line produces garments with an SAM of 20. The average efficiency of the 15 lines is 55%. What is the factory’s daily capacity?
Given: Total number of lines in the factory: 15 Number of machines in each line: 48 Factory operates for: 10 hours per day
Calculation: Factory’s Total Capacity in Hours = 15 * 48 * 10 hours = 7200 hours
Additional given information: Average SAM for 15 lines: 20 Average efficiency of the 15 lines: 55%
Factory’s Total Capacity in Pieces = [(Factory’s Total Capacity in Hours * 60) / SAM of Product] * Average Line Efficiency = [(7200 * 60) / 20] * 55% = 11880 pieces
By following this comprehensive guide, you can accurately determine the production capacity in garment and textile factories. Understanding the key factors and employing the provided calculation method will enable you to optimize your factory’s capacity estimation and make informed decisions for efficient operations.